The Right Reverend
(1834 - 1909)
Bishop of Toronto
The Bishops of the Church of England in Canada and Newfoundland
Charles Henry Mockridge
published in 1896
Bishop Alexander Bethune, the second Bishop of Toronto, died on the 3rd of February 1879, and on Thursday, the 27th of the same month, the Synod met to elect a new diocesan.
It was a memorable occasion.
The diocese had become terribly divided through party strife.
The Church Association, as described under the life of Bishop Bethune, had become a powerful organization, supported chiefly by laymen.
The great bulk of the clergy were attached to Archdeacon Whitaker, Provost of Trinity College, and, if left to themselves, would have chosen him at once for their bishop; but a majority of the lay delegates in Synod were opposed to him.
They selected for their candidate the Rev. Dr. Sullivan, then on his way from Chicago to accept the rectory of St. George's Church, Montreal.
This state of things made it evident from the start that the election of a bishop would be a very difficult matter.
The first ballot resulted in 80 clerical votes (54 necessary) for Archdeacon Whitaker and 39 lay votes (50 necessary).
Dr. Sullivan received 25 clerical and 54 lay votes.
After balloting for a whole week, with much the same result, an agreement was made that a clergyman acceptable to the Evangelical party should be elected bishop, on condition that the Church Association should be disbanded. The Venerable Archdeacon Sweatman, of Huron Diocese, was then elected, eighty-eight clergymen out of ninety-six, and ninety-three parishes out of ninety-four, voting for him.
Arthur Sweatman was born in London, England, in 1834. He was a son of the Dr. John Sweatman, of Middlesex Hospital, an eminent London physician. His primary education was obtained in private schools. He spent several years as a student of London University College, and in 1859 graduated from Christ's College, Cambridge, with mathematical honours, as Senior Optime. He was ordained by Bishop Tait, of London, and became curate of the Church of the Holy Trinity, Islington. While there he founded the Islington Youth's Institute, an evening club for boys, which has since become well known. Mr. Sweatman came out to Canada in 1865, to be first Headmaster of the London Collegiate Institute. He returned to England in 1868, and married Miss Garland, of Islington. In 1871 he became Mathematical and Science Master in Upper Canada College. Toronto. In 1872 he was appointed Rector of Grace Church, Brantford, and Examining Chaplain to the Bishop of Huron. From 1873 to 1879, he acted as Clerical Secretary to the Synod of Huron, and Secretary to the House of Bishops. In 1874 he became Headmaster of Hellmuth College. He was appointed assistant Rector of Woodstock and Archdeacon of Brant in 1876, and was Bishop's Commissary in 1878 and 1879.
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